|Book||Epistle to the Philippians|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||11|
Philippians 2 is the second chapter of the Epistle to the Philippians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It is authored by Paul the Apostle about mid-50s to early 60s AD and addressed to the Christians in Philippi. Jesuit theologian Robert Murray notes that a narrative in verses 5-11 about Christ, "who humbled himself, by becoming obedient to death" is central to this chapter. German protestant theologian Ernst Lohmeyer argued in 1928 that verses 6-11 were an existing hymn about Christ which Paul quotes in his letter, a theory which "has come to dominate both exegesis of Philippians and study of early Christology and credal formulas".
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:
- Codex Vaticanus (AD 325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Alexandrinus (400-440)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (~450; complete)
- Codex Freerianus (~450; extant verses 1-3, 12-14, 25-27)
- Codex Claromontanus (~550)
Unity of Minds and Hearts (2:1–4)
This section centers on Paul's appeal for unity of minds and hearts among the people, which can be expressed by four phrases: two using the keyword phronein ("of the same mind" or "of one mind"), then agape ("love") and sumpsuchoi ("united in soul" or "being in full accord"). Maintaining his reference to the joy which Paul already feels in respect to the Philippians (verses 1:4 and 1:25), he speaks of this joy being "made full, like a measure".
Christ as the Focus and Model for Discipleship (2:5–11)
Following the exhortation in the earlier section, Christ is pointed as the model for discipleship, with a poetic narrative "beyond Paul's usual vocabulary", but not necessarily beyond his capacity.
This verse uses the same word phronein which Paul used at the start of this chapter.
- who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God,
- but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. 
- "Made Himself of no reputation": or "nevertheless emptied himself"; he lost nothing of what he had, but the glory of his divine nature was covered and hid from the people so they reputed him as a mere man.
- "Taking the form of a bondservant" (KJV: "took upon him"): voluntarily, was not obliged, or forced to be in the form of a servant, as was often prophesied in Isaiah 42:1; 52:13, Zechariah 3:8, also called in the Targum, "my servant the Messiah".
- "Likeness": from Ancient Greek: ὁμοίωμα homoiōma; "in the likeness of men", not the likeness of the first Adam, but of "sinful flesh", and was treated as a "sinner", although he was "equal to God".
- And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross.
The Desired Response (2:12–18)
Based on Christ's example, Paul exhorts the people to "work out your own salvation... for it is God who is at work".
Timothy and Epaphroditus, Paul's Go-Betweens (2:19–30)
- Knowledge of Christ
- Related Bible parts: Isaiah 66, John 1, John 8, John 14, John 20, Romans 8, 2 Corinthians 8, Galatians 5, Hebrews 7
- Murray 2007, pp. 1179–1180.
- Murray 2007, pp. 1181.
- Murray 2007, pp. 1180.
- Murray 2007, pp. 1183.
- Meyer, H. A. W. (1880), Meyer's NT Commentary on Philippians 2, accessed 1 June 2020
- Murray 2007, pp. 1184.
- Philippians 2:5 NKJV
- Philippians 2:6 NKJV
- Philippians 2:7 NKJV
- John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible, - Philippians 2:7
- Philippians 2:8 NKJV
- Murray 2007, pp. 1186.
- Murray 2007, pp. 1187.
- Coogan, Michael David (2007). Coogan, Michael David; Brettler, Marc Zvi; Newsom, Carol Ann; Perkins, Pheme (eds.). The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books: New Revised Standard Version, Issue 48 (Augmented 3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195288810.
- Murray, Robert, SJ (2007). "69. Philippians". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 1179–1190. ISBN 978-0199277186. Retrieved February 6, 2019.