Black Tower and Jesuit Church
|• Mayor||Rudolf Salvetr (ODS)|
|• Total||80.67 km2 (31.15 sq mi)|
|Elevation||405 m (1,329 ft)|
|• Density||280/km2 (710/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Klatovy is the seat of the Municipality with Extended Competence and Municipality with Commissioned Local Authority.
Klatovy was founded during 1260–1263 by Ottokar II of Bohemia. There are several historic buildings in the town such as the Black Tower, the Baroque Pharmacy, the Jesuit church with catacombs and the Archdeacon's church.
At the beginning of the 20th century, a district office, a museum, a credit union, a hospital, a falconry, a power station, etc. were built.
During World War II, Klatovy was deprived of its natural administrative territory when large parts of Šumava were annexed to the Reich (the border was between Janovice nad Úhlavou and Nýrsko and south of Sušice). At that time, Klatovy was the center of the resistance movement, which was harshly suppressed by the execution of 73 patriots in the Lubský Forest at the time of Heydrich. In 1945, some parts of the city were badly damaged by bombing – the railway station building was completely destroyed. The city was liberated on 5 May 1945 by the US Army.
The town's significant German population was expelled from their home in 1945.
- Bohuslav Balbín (1621–1688), writer, historian, Jesuit
- Václav Matěj Kramerius (1753–1808), publisher, journalist and writer
- Josef Dobrovský (1753–1829), philologist, historian
- Franz Kiwisch von Rotterau (1814–1852), medical professor and gynaecological researcher
- Josef Hlávka (1831–1908), architect
- August Breisky (1832–1889), medical professor and gynaecological researcher
- Johann Brotan (1843–1918), Austrian mechanical engineer
- Karel Klostermann (1848–1923), writer
- Jaroslav Vrchlický (1853–1912), lyrical poet
- Josef Klička (1855–1937), organist, violinist, composer
- Lubor Niederle (1865–1944), Father of Czech archaeology
- Václav Fišer (born 1947), long jumper and triple jumper
- Ivana Sekyrová (born 1971), long-distance runner
- Petr Frydrych (born 1988), javelin thrower
- Tereza Krejčiříková (born 1996), footballer
Twin towns – sister cities
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Klatovy.|
- More information about the town of Klatovy available in English
- Klatovy District (in English)
- Art gallery Klatovy/Klenová castle (in English)
- Skydiving club at airport Klatovy (in English)
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