Nespelem, Washington

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Nespelem
Nespelem, Washington
Location of Nespelem, Washington
Location of Nespelem, Washington
Coordinates: 48°9′59″N 118°58′32″W / 48.16639°N 118.97556°W / 48.16639; -118.97556Coordinates: 48°9′59″N 118°58′32″W / 48.16639°N 118.97556°W / 48.16639; -118.97556
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyOkanogan
Area
 • Total0.19 sq mi (0.50 km2)
 • Land0.19 sq mi (0.50 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,841 ft (561 m)
Population
 • Total236
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
392
 • Density2,020.62/sq mi (780.05/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
99155
Area code(s)509
FIPS code53-48540[4]
GNIS feature ID1512500[5]

Nespelem is a town in Okanogan County, Washington, United States. The population was 236 at the 2010 census. The town is located on the Colville Indian Reservation. The name Nespelem is derived from a local Indian term meaning "large flat meadow".[6]

History[edit]

Nespelem was founded by the Yakama leader Chief Kamiakin and officially incorporated on April 15, 1935. It is the site of a historic Nez Perce cemetery. Among those buried there is Chief Joseph.[6]

Geography[edit]

Nespelem is located on the Nespelem River at 48°9′59″N 118°58′32″W / 48.16639°N 118.97556°W / 48.16639; -118.97556 (48.166278, -118.975685).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.19 square miles (0.49 km2), all of it land.[8]

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Nespelem has a dry-summer humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dsb" on climate maps.

Climate data for Nespelem
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 60
(16)
66
(19)
79
(26)
93
(34)
97
(36)
101
(38)
107
(42)
110
(43)
102
(39)
88
(31)
70
(21)
58
(14)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 31
(−1)
39.2
(4.0)
50.8
(10.4)
61.9
(16.6)
70.9
(21.6)
78.7
(25.9)
87.3
(30.7)
86.2
(30.1)
76.5
(24.7)
62.7
(17.1)
44
(7)
34.5
(1.4)
60.3
(15.7)
Average low °F (°C) 14.8
(−9.6)
19.9
(−6.7)
27.2
(−2.7)
33.2
(0.7)
39.6
(4.2)
45.9
(7.7)
50.3
(10.2)
49.3
(9.6)
41.5
(5.3)
33.5
(0.8)
26.1
(−3.3)
19.8
(−6.8)
33.4
(0.8)
Record low °F (°C) −33
(−36)
−30
(−34)
−8
(−22)
−12
(−24)
17
(−8)
28
(−2)
30
(−1)
29
(−2)
17
(−8)
6
(−14)
−18
(−28)
−23
(−31)
−33
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.33
(34)
1.12
(28)
0.97
(25)
1.02
(26)
1.16
(29)
1.14
(29)
0.52
(13)
0.58
(15)
0.77
(20)
0.99
(25)
1.73
(44)
1.68
(43)
13.01
(330)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.6
(22)
4.8
(12)
1.4
(3.6)
0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
3
(7.6)
9
(23)
27.3
(69)
Average precipitation days 9 7 6 6 7 6 3 3 5 6 9 9 76
Source: [9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940300
195042541.7%
1960358−15.8%
1970323−9.8%
1980284−12.1%
1990187−34.2%
200021213.4%
201023611.3%
Est. 2019392[3]66.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2015 Estimate[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 236 people, 75 households, and 53 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,242.1 inhabitants per square mile (479.6/km2). There were 77 housing units at an average density of 405.3 per square mile (156.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 10.6% White, 0.4% African American, 80.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.3% from other races, and 7.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.8% of the population.

There were 75 households, of which 42.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 24.0% were married couples living together, 29.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.3% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.55.

The median age in the town was 30 years. 29.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 15.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 8.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 52.5% male and 47.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 212 people, 71 households, and 48 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,130.9 people per square mile (430.8/km2). There were 84 housing units at an average density of 448.1 per square mile (170.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 13.68% White, 82.08% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.47% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.30% of the population.

There were 71 households, out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 22.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.57.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 32.5% under the age of 18, 13.2% from 18 to 24, 17.5% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $30,000, and the median income for a family was $27,500. Males had a median income of $43,250 versus $27,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,836. About 15.9% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 4.8% of those 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Nespelem". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  6. ^ a b Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  9. ^ "NESPELEM 2 S, WASHINGTON (455832)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  10. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2016.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ray, Verne Frederick. The Sanpoil and Nesplem: Salishan Peoples of Northeastern Washington. New Haven: Reprinted by Human Relations Area Files, 1954.