Ahmeek, Michigan

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Ahmeek, Michigan
Village of Ahmeek along U.S. Route 41
Village of Ahmeek along U.S. Route 41
Location within Keweenaw County
Location within Keweenaw County
Ahmeek is located in Michigan
Ahmeek
Ahmeek
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 47°17′54″N 88°23′50″W / 47.29833°N 88.39722°W / 47.29833; -88.39722Coordinates: 47°17′54″N 88°23′50″W / 47.29833°N 88.39722°W / 47.29833; -88.39722
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyKeweenaw
TownshipAllouez
Area
 • Total0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
 • Land0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
869 ft (265 m)
Population
 • Total146
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
142
 • Density2,088.24/sq mi (804.32/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
49901
Area code(s)906
FIPS code26-00620[4]
GNIS feature ID2397918[5]

Ahmeek is a village in Keweenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The village is located within Allouez Township, and the population was 146 at the 2010 census. At 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2), Ahmeek is the smallest incorporated community in the state of Michigan by land area and the only incorporated municipality in Keweenaw County.

The name Ahmeek is derived from the Ojibwe (Chippewa) language.[6] The village takes its name from the Ojibwe word, amik, which means "Beaver", and it was named so because of an abundance of beavers in the vicinity of the present-day village.[7][8][9][10]

The Ahmeek Mine was the most successful mine along the Kearsarge Amygdaloid Lode, which spans through Houghton and Keweenaw Counties, as well as the most profitable, and the largest producer along the lode. The Ahmeek Mine's Shaft's No. 3 & 4 were also one of the most distinctive in all of the Copper Country.[10][11]

History[edit]

Early days and founding[edit]

Mining itself in the community began around the year 1880 as the Ahmeek Mining Company began as an exploratory branch of the already-existing Seneca Mining Company to work the copper-rich Kearsarge Amygdaloid Lode. The Ahmeek Mining Company formally opened in 1903, thus becoming its own separate entity apart from the Seneca, however operations of the Ahmeek Mine under the newly-independent company initially began in the year 1902. The local area grew because of its location on the Mineral Range Railroad.[12][7][11][13][14][15][10] In 1908, the construction of the Ahmeek Mining Company Office was completed, as designed by the architect Paul Macneil.[16] The village of Ahmeek was founded by Joseph Bosch, the creator of the Bosch Brewing Company, in the year of 1904. Attorney James A. Hamilton became the first postmaster of Ahmeek on 5 February 1909, the same year in which it was incorporated as a village.[17][7][10] The village was plotted by two real estate agents from Calumet by the names of Faucett and Gunk. The two agents divided the property into lots and then sold them piece by piece. As of the year of the village's incorporation, Maurice Kenel served as the first village President of Ahmeek, having been elected 15 March 1909.[7][8][15][18][19] The village firehall was built several years later in 1911 at a total sum of $2,925 dollars.[7] The local Calvary Cemetery, which is also known as the Ahmeek Cemetery, was created a year later in 1912.[20]

Industrialization[edit]

Ahmeek served as a critical stop for several transportation services, mostly around the early 20th century. It served as a depot on the Mineral Range Railroad, the Copper Range Railroad, and also had a streetcar station for the Houghton County Traction Company, which ran south from Houghton up to Ahmeek, and a ways on north towards Mohawk.[13][8][18][15][21] The Streetcar Station was completed in the year 1909 and operated under the Houghton County Traction Company until the year 1932, when it served other purposes, such as a bus stop.[21]

Copper Country Strike of 1913-1914[edit]

During the watershed moment that was the great Copper Country Strike of 1913–14, Ahmeek was the scene of regular tension and division in the Keweenaw, a key instance being around 6 October 1913 when a clerk at the Ahmeek Mine supply office by the name Guy Wilkins was assaulted, and shot after being confronted by a rogue mob. The strike was the culmination of much labour unrest in the area that had been fueled by unethical treatment by mining companies. The strike brought the once-tranquil and calm Copper Country to a violent turn from which it would ultimately not recover. Ahmeek in particular, also saw striking miners fire upon a trainload of hired professional strikebreakers that had been hired by the mining companies, as well as the explosion at an Ahmeek Mine smokestack. Despite a handful of local officials complaints of the lack of law and order, Judge Patrick Henry O'Brien, who presided over cases related to the violence, ruled that while the strikers were, indeed, in violation of the law, the mining companies had done hardly anything to lessen the tension, and had instead acted in ways which had increased "the bitterness and hostility" of the situation.[19][22][23]

Later years[edit]

The Ahmeek Mining Company continued to work the Kearsarge lode through the Ahmeek Mine until the year 1923, when the mining company was incorporated into the Calumet and Hecla Mining Company.[11][15][14][10] Operations of the site under the Calumet and Hecla Mining Company ceased in 1931 under effects of the Great Depression. After the Depression had concluded, the Ahmeek Mine reopened in the year 1936 and carried on until around 1966 when the mine closed permanently.[14][10][11] On 30 April 1971, Gabriel J. Chopp, retired after thirty-nine years serving as Ahmeek's postmaster, thus making him the longest-serving postmaster of the village of Ahmeek, the only incorporated settlement in Keweenaw County.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2), all land.[24]

Attractions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910766
192089216.4%
1930624−30.0%
1940475−23.9%
1950360−24.2%
1960265−26.4%
1970238−10.2%
1980210−11.8%
1990148−29.5%
20001576.1%
2010146−7.0%
Est. 2017142[3]−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[29]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 157 people, 82 households, and 36 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,237.9 per square mile (866.0/km²). There were 120 housing units at an average density of 1,710.5 per square mile (661.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.82% White, 0.64% Asian, and 2.55% from two or more races. 29.1% were of Finnish, 19.6% Italian, 12.2% German, 12.2% English and 7.4% French ancestry.

There were 82 households out of which 18.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were married couples living together, 3.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.9% were non-families. 48.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.91 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the village, the population was spread out with 19.1% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 137.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 139.6 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $24,231, and the median income for a family was $33,750. Males had a median income of $21,563 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,188. About 8.3% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under the age of eighteen and 5.9% of those sixty five or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 146 people, 73 households, and 38 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,085.7 inhabitants per square mile (805.3/km2). There were 119 housing units at an average density of 1,700.0 per square mile (656.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 99.3% White and 0.7% Native American.

There were 73 households of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.9% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.9% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.63.

The median age in the village was 45.7 years. 18.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.2% were from 25 to 44; 32.8% were from 45 to 64; and 18.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ahmeek, Michigan
  6. ^ https://ojibwe.lib.umn.edu/main-entry/amik-na
  7. ^ a b c d e Monette, Clarence J. (1975). Some Coppery Country Names and Places. Lake Linden, Michigan. p. 11. ISBN 0-942363-04-3.
  8. ^ a b c d "Keweenaw County Michigan History & Genealogy". genealogytrails.com. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  9. ^ Robinson, John. "MICHIGAN GHOST TOWN: The Violent Past of Ahmeek". 99.1 WFMK. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Flashback Friday: Ahmeek Mining Company | Michigan Tech Archives Blog". Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d Kilpela, Tauno (1995). The Hard Rock Mining Era in the Copper Country: A Chronicle of Operations on the Seven Major Lodes of the Keweenaw Mining District.
  12. ^ a b "Ahmeek". Visit Keweenaw County. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
  13. ^ a b Monette, Clarence J. (1993). The Mineral Range Railroad. Lake Linden, Michigan. ISBN 0-942363-42-6.
  14. ^ a b c "Ahmeek Mine, Ahmeek, Keweenaw Co., Michigan, USA". www.mindat.org. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d e Molloy, Lawrence J. (2011). A Guide to Michigan's Historic Keweenaw Copper Mining District: Photographs, Maps, and Tours of the Keweenaw—Past and Present. ISBN 978-0-9791772-1-7.
  16. ^ a b "Ahmeek Mine Office". Copper Country Architects. December 6, 1908. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  17. ^ Romig, Walter. Michigan Place Names (Grosse Pointe, Michigan: Walter Romig, not dated) p. 13
  18. ^ a b "Ahmeek, Michigan". www.theenchantedforest.com. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d e "Ahmeek, Home to the Last Manned Lighthouse on the Great Lakes". Adventure Publications. April 18, 2018. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  20. ^ "Keweenaw County Cemeteries". www.mfhn.com. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  21. ^ a b c Department of the Interior. National Park Service. (2017). Michigan SP Houghton County Traction Company Ahmeek Streetcar Station. File Unit: National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records: Michigan, 1964-2013.
  22. ^ Lindsay (October 6, 2013). "Today in the 1913 Copper Strike". Copper Country History. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  23. ^ Lehto, Steve (2013). Death's Door: The Truth Behind the Italian Hall Disaster and the Strike of 1913 (Second ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Momentum Books. ISBN 978-1-938018-03-9.
  24. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  25. ^ "Ahmeek Location Ice Rink / Playground". Allouez Township. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  26. ^ "BHK Community Action Agency - Keweenaw Handicraft Shop". www.bhkcaa.org. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  27. ^ "Keweenaw Handicraft Shop - Allouez Township, MI". Yelp. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  28. ^ "Gratiot River Falls on Gratiot River | Waterfalls of the Keweenaw". www.waterfallsofthekeweenaw.com. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  29. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

External links[edit]